In this guide, language is provided for teaching readers how to focus or expand their thinking through talk and writing before, during, and after reading. The prompts in this guide are designed to help you demonstrate, prompt for, and reinforce effective reading behaviors related to comprehension.

This study guide is directed at both classroom teachers and literacy intervention teachers. The mod­ules explore ways to use the language in a variety of teaching settings during reading and writing workshops and small-group interventions. It is important for both classroom and intervention teachers to understand that the use of common language and expectations will benefit their strug­gling readers.